VA to HP – Calculator, formula, conversion 1 phase, 2 phase, 3 phase

With this calculator you can convert from VA to HP easily, quickly and free any electric power, the calculation takes into account the power factor.

For greater ease we explain that formula is used for the calculation, and how to convert from VA to HP in just 2 steps.

If you do not know the power factor and efficiency of the load in this section we give you the most common values: “power factor” and “efficiency“.

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VA to HP – Calculator, formula, conversion 1 phase, 2 phase, 3 phase
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More information of calculator from VA to HP:


VA to HP conversion formula:formula for convert of va to HP

  • H.P=Horsepower.
  • E=Efficiency.
  • P.F=Power factor.
  • VA=Volt-Ampere

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How to convert VA to HP in only 2 step:

how to convert from VA to HPStep 1:

Multiply the power factor by the efficiency of the motor and by the VA. For example, if the motor has an efficiency of 80%, the power factor is 0.9 and the power in VA is 1000VA, you must Multiply 0.8 (80%) by 0.9 and 100VA to get 720, (0,9×0,8×100) = 720.

Step 2:

Divide step 1 between 746, the result will be: 0,97HP ((0,9×0,8×100)/(746) = 0,97HP).

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Definition S (VA), F.P, H.P and Efficiency:

VA: VA is the unit of apparent power: It is the total amount of power consumed by electrical equipment.

This apparent power VA, commonly designated with the letter “S” is not really the “useful”, except when the power factor is unity (FP = 1), and points out that the power supply network not only has to satisfy the energy consumed by the resistive elements, but also has to satisfy that which “store” the coils and capacitors.

In other words, S (VA) is the sum of the power in P (Watts) (useful power) that dissipate the equipment in heat or work plus the power in Q (VAR) (power fields) used for the formation of the electric and magnetic fields of its components.

The equipment that present the power in VA are those that have components such as motors and electronic equipment, such as: televisions, computers, hydraulic pumps, refrigerators, air conditioners etc, these equipment if they do not have the power factor corrected internally they present a low factor of power (Fp = 0.9 or less) because in order to function they require, in addition to the Watts, another power, which are the VARs, between the latter two they make the VA, therefore VA = Watts + VAR.

Hp: The horsepower , also called power horse – since it is a measure of power and not force – and in English horsepower , is the name of several units of power measurement used in the Anglo-Saxon system . It denotes hp , HP or Hp , from the English term horsepower , expression that was coined by James Watt in 1782 to compare the power of steam engines with the power of draft horses . Later it was extended to include the output power of the other types of piston engines , as well as turbines , electric motors and other machinery.

Also it is denominated like PS , abbreviation of the German word Pferdestärke , which is translated like Horse of force .

The definition of the unit varies between geographical regions. Most countries now use the SI watt unit for power measurement.

Motor Efficiency: The efficiency of the electric motor is the ratio between the output power (mechanical) and the power input (electrical).

The mechanical power output is calculated based on the torque and speed required (that is, the power required to move the object connected to the motor) and the electrical power input is calculated based on the voltage and current supplied to the motor.

The output of mechanical power is always lower than the input of electrical energy, since the energy is lost during the conversion (electrical to mechanical) in various forms, such as heat and friction.

The design of an electric motor aims to minimize these losses to improve efficiency.

Most electric motors are designed to operate between 50% and 100% of rated load. The maximum efficiency is usually close to 75% of the nominal load.

P.f: The power factor is the ratio between the power of work “util” kW and the apparent power kVA , this measures the efficiency with which electric power is used and are related by this formula fp = kW / kVA.

A high power factor allows an efficient use of energy, while a low power factor indicates a poor use of electrical energy.

Most modern loads are inductive, including: motors, transformers, gaseous tubes, lighting ballasts and induction furnaces.

The working power ( kW ) plus the reactive power (kVAR) is equal to the Apparent power ( kVA ), kVA = kW + kVAR

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Typical Un-improved Power Factor by Industry:

IndustryPower Factor
Auto Parts0.75-0.80
Brewery0.75-0.80
Cement0.80-0.85
Chemical0.65-0.75
Coal Mine0.65-0.80
Clothing0.35-0.60
Electroplating0.65-0.70
Foundry0.75-0.80
Forging0.70-0.80
Hospital0.75-0.80
Machine Manufacturing0.60-0.65
Metalworking 0.65-0.70
Office Building0.80-0.90
Oil field Pumping0.40-0.60
Paint Manufacturing0.65-0.70
Plastic0.75-0.80
Stamping0.60-0.70
Steel Works0.65-0.80
Tool, dies, jigs industry0.65-0.75

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Typical power factor of common household electronics:

Electronics devicePower Factor
Magnavox Projection TV – standby0,37
Samsung 70″ 3D Bluray0,48
Digital Picture Frame0,52
ViewSonic Monitor0,5
Dell Monitor0,55
Magnavox Projection TV0,58
Digital Picture Frame0,6
Digital Picture Frame0,62
Digital Picture Frame0,65
Philips 52″ Projection TV0,65
Wii0,7
Digital Picture Frame0,73
Xbox Kinect0,75
Xbox 3600,78
Microwave0,9
Sharp Aquos 3D TV0,95
PS3 Move0,98
Playstation 30,99
Element 41″ Plasma TV0,99
Current large, flat-screen television0,96
Windows-mount air conditioner0,9
Legacy CRT-Based color television0,7
Legacy flat panel computer monitor0,64
While-LED lighting fixture0,61
Legacy laptop power adapter0,55
Laser Printer0,5
Incandescent lamps1
Fluorescent lamps (uncompensated)0,5
Fluorescent lamps (compensated)0,93
Discharge lamps0,4-0,6

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Typical Motor Power Factors:

PowerSpeedPower Factor
(hp)(rpm)1/2 load3/4 loadfull load
0 – 518000.720.820.84
5 – 2018000.740.840.86
20 – 10018000.790.860.89
100 – 30018000.810.880.91

Reference // Power Factor in Electrical Energy Management-A. Bhatia, B.E.-2012
Power Factor Requirements for Electronic Loads in California- Brian Fortenbery,2014
http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com

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Electrical motors constructed according NEMA Design B must meet the efficiencies below:

PowerMinimum Nominal Efficiency1)
(hp)
1 – 478.8
5 – 984.0
10 – 1985.5
20 – 4988.5
50 – 9990.2
100 – 12491.7
> 12592.4


Reference // http://www.engineeringtoolbox.com

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VA to HP conversion table:

VA

Efficiencies

P.fHp
10VA78%0,84P.f0,0087Hp
20VA78%0,84P.f0,017Hp
30VA78%0,84P.f0,026Hp
40VA78%0,84P.f0,035Hp
50VA84%0,84P.f0,04Hp
60VA84%0,86P.f0,058Hp
70VA84%0,86P.f0,067Hp
80VA84%0,86P.f0,077Hp
90VA84%0,86P.f0,087Hp
100VA85%0,86P.f0,097Hp
200VA85%0,86P.f0,195Hp
300VA88%0,89P.f0,314Hp
400VA88%0,89P.f0,419Hp
500VA88%0,89P.f0,524Hp
600VA90%0,89P.f0,644Hp
700VA90%0,89P.f0,751Hp
800VA90%0,89P.f0,858Hp
900VA90%0,89P.f0,966Hp
1000VA90%0,89P.f1,073Hp
2000VA91%0,91P.f2,22Hp
3000VA92%0,91P.f3,366Hp
4000VA92%0,91P.f4,489Hp
5000VA92%0,91P.f5,611Hp
6000VA92%0,91P.f6,733Hp
7000VA92%0,91P.f7,855Hp
8000VA92%0,91P.f8,978Hp
9000VA92%0,91P.f10,1Hp
10000VA92%0,91P.f11,22Hp
20000VA92%0,91P.f22,44Hp
30000VA92%0,91P.f33,66Hp
40000VA92%0,91P.f44,89Hp
50000VA92%0,91P.f56,11Hp
60000VA92%0,91P.f67,335Hp
70000VA92%0,91P.f78,557Hp
80000VA92%0,91P.f89,78Hp
90000VA92%0,91P.f101Hp